What are the differences between public and private domain names?
Updated on: 2022-09-22 GMT+08:00
The most notable difference between public and private domain names is that public domain names are used and must be unique across the Internet, while public domain names are used in VPCs.
To enable resolution of a public domain name, you must perform the following steps:
- Buy the domain name from a domain name registrar.
- Create a zone and add records. For more information, consult Internet traffic routing to a website.
For details on how a public domain name is resolved, see Public Zone .
Private domain names do not need to be registered and can only be accessed within VPCs.
For details on how a private domain name is resolved, see Routing traffic within VPCs.
Main topic: General description of DNS
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Frequently asked questions about registering private domains
25 mai 2022 Par Stefanus Hadi, Ph.D.
Si no está familiarizado con el registro de nombres de dominio , el proceso puede resultar confuso. Hay muchos registradores para elegir, hay opciones de extensión de dominio aparentemente infinitas y los precios pueden variar enormemente. Sin embargo, una de las causas de preocupación más comunes es que puede estar publicando su información personal en la web sin siquiera darse cuenta.
La buena noticia es que el registro de dominio privado reemplaza su información personal con marcadores de posición genéricos a través de un servidor web o registrador. Por lo general, puede optar por el registro privado al comprar un dominio, aunque también se puede agregar privacidad a sus dominios existentes .
Este artículo debería ayudarlo a responder 13 preguntas frecuentes sobre el registro de dominios privados. ¡Vamos a profundizar en!
¿Qué información personal se requiere al registrar un dominio?
Al registrar un dominio , deberá proporcionar su nombre, dirección física, número de teléfono y dirección de correo electrónico. Esta información de contacto se utiliza para rastrear la propiedad del dominio. Se pone a disposición del público en línea a través del directorio de WHOIS.
Other data is also made available, such as the year and date the domain was registered, when it was last updated, and when it will expire. Technical information like the domain status and server name can also be found.
Why Do I Need to Provide Personal Information to Register a Domain?
There are countless domains on the web which are being bought, sold, and created every day. Keeping track of them is no simple task, and a method to track them is essential. While some may not like it, the current approach is to post domain registration information publicly online for all to see.
This information is used to prove ownership of the domain. This type of record is essential in the event of a dispute.
In addition, registering a domain is necessary for regulating online activity. For instance, if an online business is involved in illegal transactions, the authorities may need to contact the website owner to resolve the issue.
What Is WHOIS?
WHOIS is a public database of all website domains. It includes personal information about every website owner. This directory is intended to track ownership of domains, though spammers and scammers are increasingly abusing it.
The WHOIS directory is maintained by the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN). Their duty is to manage and maintain domain ownership records for technical and legal purposes.
The problem is that this system was implemented a long time ago, and its outdated procedures are vulnerable to modern cybercriminals. Therefore, a replacement for WHOIS, the Registration Data Access Protocol (RDAP), was created to be more secure and to comply with more stringent internet privacy laws such as the GDPR.
While this is a much-needed update, RDAP has yet to be fully implemented and still provides much of the same information as WHOIS. The data used for domain registrations can currently be accessed by anyone. This means that the name, phone number, mailing, and email address of site owners can be exposed.
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What Is Private Domain Registration?
Private domain registration allows you to purchase and register a domain without posting your personal information to the public directory. Many web hosts and registrars offer this service.
When you opt for private domain registration, your information is replaced with substitute data from the host or registrar providing the service. If anyone looks up the details in WHOIS for that domain, they are directed to the company providing the privacy service instead of the actual website owner.
WHOIS requires a name, phone number, email, and mailing address when buying a domain. This information is made public for business and legal reasons, though many people do not wish for their personal information to be publicly available online.
Why Should You Keep Domain Registration Private?
Domain registration requires personal information that should often be kept private. If you wouldn’t post your name, address, and phone number on a billboard, you probably don’t want it available to everyone on the internet.
One of the most common reasons for private domain registration is to avoid spam, identity theft, and harassment. Unfortunately, these days, having your contact details publicly available online puts you at risk of unwanted communication.
While the personal information provided isn’t incredibly sensitive, it could still be used nefariously. For example, with your name, email address, and website information, someone could easily send emails from a fake account similar to yours and pretend to be you. They could use this to phish for account information of your users and compromise your site’s security.
Related: Your Ultimate Guide to SSL/TLS and HTTPS
Can I Add Privacy to an Existing Domain?
If you have already registered your domain with your personal information, don’t fret! Usually, you can still apply privacy settings to hide that data.
To do this, check your host dashboard or contact your registrar to request this service. In most cases, your data can be kept private and replaced with a generic placeholder for a nominal fee.
In short, if you wish you had registered privately in the first place, you can still add that privacy now. There is little reason not to, as it could save you from some major headaches in the future.
Related: 5 Reasons You Need More Than One Domain – DreamHost
What Is Domain Privacy Protection?
Domain privacy protection is a service offered by web hosts and domain registrars to keep your personal information hidden from public view. Normally, a domain owner’s contact information is made available in the WHOIS directory for anyone to look up.
However, domain privacy protection acts as a proxy, substituting your information for a generic user number or the name of the service provider. This way, anyone interested can still verify ownership of the domain by contacting your host company or registrar, and you can keep your information off WHOIS.
Unless you have a business phone number, protected email address, and company mailing address, domain privacy protection is likely a worthwhile investment. It can help you avoid spam and ensure your cyber safety. Keep in mind, that even if you have the above business contact information to shield your personal details, you still don’t have to attach it to your domain publicly.
How Do You Keep Domain Registration Private?
To register a domain without sharing your personal information publicly, you’ll need to use a registrar that offers private domain registration. You’ll sometimes pay a small additional fee to get this service, but some hosts include it in their plans.
For instance, you can opt for free private registration when purchasing a domain with DreamHost. That way, your personal information is replaced with a generic placeholder in the public registry:
You can also add privacy to existing domains on DreamHost at no additional cost.
Other registrars and hosting providers may have different methods and pricing for registering privately, but it should be as simple as selecting the option during the purchase process. If you registered without selecting the private registration option, you can usually go back and add it. Better late than never, but keep in mind that some spam bots may have already scraped your email address from WHOIS.
How Much Does Private Domain Registration Cost?
There is no set fee for private domain registration. This service is provided by a number of hosts and registrars that each determine their own price, usually in addition to the base price of the domain.
For example, we offer free private domain registration included in our service at DreamHost. Other companies commonly treat private registration as an add-on and charge $10 to $30 or a recurring monthly fee of around $1 to $2.
In most cases, private domain registration is affordable enough to be worth the peace of mind. You should come across this option when registering your domain with the most popular registrars and web hosts.
Related: How Much Does a Domain Name Cost?
Which Domain Extensions Are Eligible for Private Registration?
The majority of common URL suffixes are eligible for private registration. The following popular extensions can be registered privately:
In fact, plenty more extensions can be privately registered. The majority of extensions that cannot be privately registered are geography-specific suffixes (countries, states, etc.) such as:
These are not exhaustive lists, and it should be noted that eligibility can change. That’s because Top Level Domains (TLDs) are periodically expanded, and the privacy status of current extensions can be updated. The options available to you can also differ depending on your host and registrar, so be sure to check for privacy compatibility before registering.
How Do I Enable Domain Name Privacy for My Website?
Habilitar la privacidad del nombre de dominio generalmente no es algo que se haga en su sitio web per se. La información de registro de su dominio está disponible en el directorio de WHOIS, que está a cargo de la ICANN y rastrea la propiedad del dominio en toda la web.
Para habilitar la privacidad del nombre de dominio, deberá pasar por su servicio de alojamiento o registrador. Esta opción generalmente se presenta durante la compra del dominio, pero a menudo se puede agregar después del hecho.
El proceso diferirá según la compañía que utilice, pero generalmente es tan simple como marcar una casilla o pagar el complemento de registro privado.
If you are having difficulty finding this option from your hosting panel or registrar website, you can always contact them to see if they offer this service. If they don’t, you may be able to use another company’s privacy service, although this may require transferring your domain to that company.
How can I protect myself from digital harassment?
One of the most important things you can do to protect yourself from cyberbullying is to remain anonymous. When possible, avoid using personal information like your real name online. In situations where you must use your real name, avoid pairing it with your contact information.
You might not think someone would abuse something as simple as your email address, but bullies can be relentless. For example, you could block an email address that is harassing you, only for that person to start sending emails from a different address.
¿The bottom line? Keeping personal information private and the best way to avoid digital access. Sin embargo, si ya ha comenzado, es una buena idea buscar más ayuda.
Protect your privacy online when you register a domain
Now that you have a better understanding of private domain registration, you can protect the personal information attached to your websites. Adding this layer of privacy can help prevent identity theft, hacking attempts, and spam.
To add privacy to your domain, you can:
- Choose private domain registration when buying your domain
- Add domain privacy protection using your host panel or by contacting your registrar
DreamHost is one of the most popular domain services on the Web. All our planes include free private domain registration. Plus, you can easily add it to existing domains too!
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About the Author: Stefanus Hadi, Ph.D.
Stefanus Hadi, Ph.D., is Product Research Manager at DreamHost. He is responsible for leading and managing the company’s partnerships with various domain registries, including those that control TLDs like .com, .online, .shop, .xyz, .club, .art, .io , .co, .me and many more. others. In his spare time, Stefanus enjoys outdoor activities, regularly visits national parks, and is a member of a Los Angeles high school support group. Connect with Stefanus on LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/drhadi/
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